The Weed Control Act has a great history in Alberta and has been proclaimed in one version or another for over a century (initially in 1907). First established to limit the effects of Canada Thistles on agricultural land, and then as time went on and increasingly weeds started to become a problem, the focus was expanded.
The current Weed Control Act was updated in 2010 and has a total of 48 Prohibited Noxious weeds and 30 Noxious weeds. In the Act, municipalities have the authority to elevate weeds to either noxious or prohibited noxious based on local needs. For this reason, the County of Newell has elevated scentless chamomile, leafy spurge, and dodder to the prohibited noxious category, and have elevated common burdock, common milkweed, and showy milkweed to the noxious category.For more information on Prohibited Noxious and Noxious weeds, click here.
Pest surveys are an integral part of the process and are completed on an annual basis with the cooperation of Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development (the department responsible for this Act). Each year the County monitors for grasshoppers, coyotes, Bacterial Ring Rot, Clubroot and Fusarium Graminearum.
The County also rents specialized equipment to aid producers in implementing integrated pest management plans. For a full listing of the County rental equipment, please refer to Rental Equipment page.
Soil Conservation Act
This Act imposes a duty upon every landholder to respond appropriately to prevent soil loss or deterioration or to mitigate the same where it has occurred. Where a breach of said duty occurs, the landowner may be served with a notice directing him or her to take remedial action within a specified time – usually 30 days. If the landholder fails to comply with the directions given in the notice, a person authorized by the local authority may enter upon the land and take remedial action at the landholder’s expense. If the local authority does not take appropriate measures, then the Minister can appoint an officer with authority to do so. The legislation also provides appeal and dispute settlement mechanisms.